Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment in Springfield, NJ
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in those over 60, but it can begin at any age. Although it’s a common condition, you can take steps to prevent glaucoma or minimize your risk for the condition.
There are different types of glaucoma, and the symptoms vary according to type. If you notice any of the following, you should visit your optometrist immediately:
- Eye pain or redness
- Blind spots in your peripheral or central vision
- Tunnel vision
- Blurred vision
- Halos surrounding lights
- Unexplained nausea and vomiting
In some cases, there are no warning signs for glaucoma. Glaucoma is typically a gradual issue, and many people do not notice the subtle changes in their vision until long after they have begun. Due to this, it’s imperative that you have regular visits with an eye doctor so that they can watch for signs you may not notice.
Glaucoma is caused by a damaged optic nerve, which is usually caused by a buildup of fluid and increased pressure in the eye. When fluid cannot drain from the eyes as it should, intraocular pressure increases, which can lead to glaucoma.
Risk Factors for Glaucoma
Though this condition can happen to anyone, the following factors increase the chances of developing it:
- Family history of glaucoma
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Sickle cell anemia
- Current or previous eye injuries
- Eye surgery
- Being 60 years old or up
Additionally, those who are Asian, Hispanic, or African American are at higher risk, as is anyone who takes corticosteroids for extended periods.
The best treatment is always prevention, so start by following these tips:
- Get regular eye exams.
- Ask your doctor about exercise. While you do need to stay healthy, you might need to stick with moderate exercise as intense exercise might increase the pressure in your eyes.
- Wear protective eye gear any time you are engaging in potentially dangerous activities, such as using power tools.
Unfortunately, if glaucoma damage has already begun, there is no way to reverse it. However, there are treatment options available to help slow the condition and prevent further damage.
In some cases, prescribed eye drops are the key. In others, you might need a form of surgery. Your optometrist will determine the best course of treatment after your diagnosis and an exam to determine the severity of the damage.
Visit Your Springfield, NJ Optometrist
Don’t risk your eyesight. Visit our eye doctor at the Eye Health Group as soon as possible. Give our team a call at (973) 376-7900 to schedule your appointment.